The decision to make the first fish in your tank may be sudden, or it may be deliberate. Unfortunately, novice aquarists are often guided by the very first impulse, completely not understanding the fish.
And then, instead of joy and pleasure, they get a headache and problems. You need to choose the fish wisely, because their life and your comfort depend on your choice. Before you go to the store or to the market, study all the available information about the fish that you liked.
What kind of fish is not worth buying for beginners, we examined here. And the top 10 unusual fish here.
And in order to make it easier for you to navigate, we have compiled a list of unpretentious aquarium fish for beginners and briefly described them. All of them are distinguished by their unpretentiousness, tolerance of conditions in the aquarium, peaceful character, livability and modest size. We hope that it will help to make your choice easier!
A classic for any beginner in aquarium - guppies. They are very unpretentious, accommodating, and just getting divorced.
It is very simple to distinguish males from females, males have a large tail, they are much brighter, and their anal fin is elongated. Females are larger, fuller and have an anal fin shorter, and most importantly - they are gray, only the tail fin is colored.
They are viviparous, which means that the fry immediately swim and are adapted to life. At one time, a female guppy can sweep from 10 to 60 fry. But if you leave the fry in the general aquarium, they will quickly eat it, you need to catch the fry in a separate container.
Breeding them is very simple, just keep males and females together.
Guppies eat all types of feed, can grow well on branded feed - cereals, granules, etc.
It is worth noting that beginners are not recommended to start pedigree forms of guppies, because of the long mixing of blood, they, on the contrary, have become moody and difficult to maintain.
There is also a type of Endler guppy. Endler differences - they are much smaller in themselves, males are not veiled, much more nimble, fry are born less, but fry are larger and breed more often.
Swordsmen / Molly / Pecilia /
We will unite them in one group (swordsmen / molliesinis / pecilia /), since they are very similar in behavior and content, although they look very different. Like guppies, they are viviparous. That means there will be no problems with the fry, he immediately swims, eats, hides.
They are very easy to get divorced, the principle is the same as for guppies - just keep males and females together. They are very bright and mobile fish, you will not need to look for them to consider, on the contrary, they will always beg for food from you.
They tolerate various conditions in the aquarium and forgive the mistakes that beginners often make.
They eat all kinds of live, artificial, frozen feed. In general, they are similar to guppies in content, but seemingly larger, have a diverse color and body shape. From warnings - do not buy many male swordsmen in one aquarium, they can fight!
Danio rerio is a small (up to 5-6 cm), elegant fish. For its small size, peaceful disposition and unpretentiousness, it has earned great popularity in the aquarium.
Since this is a schooling herd, it is better to keep at least 5-6 individuals. The aquarium can be planted with plants, but it is important that the zebrafish has a free place for swimming at the surface, as this is a very mobile fish.
If you are going to have a veil shape, do not plant them with fish that can break off the fins, for example, the Sumatran barbus. The aquarium should be closed, as zebrafish can jump out of the water.
Omnivores, they eat any kind of food - artificial, live, frozen. It is better to feed them flakes, as they pick up food from the surface of the water and do not sink sinking flakes for a long time with pleasure. It is very easy to breed zebrafish; at one time, the female lays between 200 and 500 eggs.
This is a very small (2.5-3 cm) and very unpretentious fish. At the same time, it is brightly colored, simply divorced and completely non-aggressive, even cardinals do not touch their fry.
They tolerate cold water well, some even keep them in the pond in the yard in the summer. They like to move in the middle layers, and also love to gather in flocks. You need to keep them in small flocks, from 6 pieces. Although it is possible to large, with its modest size, cardinals do not require large aquariums. With good maintenance, they can live up to 3 years.
These are small, mobile, beautiful and flocking catfish. There are many different types of corridors, but the most popular are speckled catfish and golden catfish.
They are all similar in their behavior - living at the bottom, they are constantly looking for food residues, thereby cleaning the aquarium. They are very mobile, while remaining quite small, and tolerate the widest range of conditions.
Any kind of food is suitable for feeding, but it is important to ensure that the food falls to the bottom and catfish do not remain hungry while other fish fill their bellies.
It is best to feed the corridors with special food for catfish, they quickly drown, and when they fall to the bottom they do not fall apart. It’s better to keep corridors in a pack, they like to live surrounded by relatives, and it’s very interesting to watch them in a pack.
Very beautiful and very small fish, which is perfect in the neighbors for all of the above fish. Grow to 5 cm and are very peaceful.
Beautiful coloring, on which a black spot stands out (for which she got her name), small size and peaceful disposition made her very popular.
It is better to keep cuneiform parsing in a flock, and there should be enough free space for swimming in the aquarium.
A flock of parsing sticks together and very decorates any aquarium. You can feed with a variety of feeds, it is important not to give large feeds, as she simply can not swallow them.
This is one of the most unusual fish that even an inexperienced aquarist can light up.
Belonging to loaches, it is somewhat reminiscent of a small snake. But it is completely harmless, and quite hardy. Akantophthalmus often hides during the day, and to feel comfortable he needs shelters and soft ground, in which he likes to dig.
In soft soil, he is able to find and dig up a burrowing bloodworm, not to mention other feeds.
If there is sand in the aquarium, then it will dig into it with pleasure. So it helps to keep the aquarium clean by eating everything that falls to the bottom. You can feed it with any sinking feed, but in addition to feed feed for catfish, it is better at night.
Can escape from the aquarium, you need to cover it. Readers said that they can dig stones in the sand, but I have never met one like that, mine just haven’t been digging anything.
Lalius or marble gourami
Fish belong to the same genus - labyrinths. These fish live in water that is poor in oxygen and adapted to this by learning to breathe oxygen from the surface. You will see how they rise to her to swallow another portion of air.
Small, peaceful, males are very brightly colored, and their ventral fins have turned into long processes. You can feed with any feed, including floating. Only bloodworms should be given with caution and a little, laliuses poorly digest it.
After the publication of the article, readers corrected me. The bottom line is that lalius can be complicated for beginners (he is just a little phlegmatic and jealous of females).
I agree, and add that there is another wonderful fish of the same genus - gourami. There are many types of them, but for beginners a good choice would be - marble gourami. Very hardy, peaceful, unusual shape and color.
It is generally similar to lalius, but larger than it and less demanding. So you can stop at this magnificent fish, and start a lalius a bit later.
Peaceful, small fish, the males of which are very bright in color, for which they got their name. This is a schooling herd, so it is better to keep cherry barbs from 5 pieces.
But you will notice that he does not hold tightly, gathering in a flock only in case of fright. The cherry barbus is small in size, the color of the males is bright red and very noticeable, and the content requirements are low. This is a good fish to mention on our list.
Perhaps this is the largest fish from the list, grows about 15 cm, if the aquarium allows. But he earned his popularity for his unusual appearance, for cleansing the aquarium and his stamina. Antsistrus is a catfish, but an unusual catfish, in nature it lives due to eating algae and fouling.
And his mouth turned into a suction cup, with the help of which he scrapes it all. In the aquarium, he is a cleaner of walls and decor.
The males have unusual outgrowths on the head, making it very memorable. Peaceful, but with other males can arrange fights. For him, plant nutrition is important, you need to feed with special pills.
Of course this is an incomplete list, and upon reflection it can be increased significantly. But the task was to acquaint novice aquarists.
For beginners, I recommend that you first find out all about the fish that you liked, and choose primarily hardy, easy-to-care, and peaceful fish that get along well with others in the general aquarium.