Pecilia - fish popular and beautiful

Pecilia (lat.Xiphophorus maculatus) is one of the most popular aquarium fish. Unpretentiousness, beauty, diverse coloring and ease of breeding, made it so popular.

She, like a guppy, a sword-bearer, mollies is viviparous, that is, bears eggs inside the body.

About the content of Pecilia and breeding, we will tell in our article.

How do they look? How and with what to feed pecilia? Are they complex in content? How to breed them? These and other questions will be answered by our article.

Living in nature

It lives in North and Central America, homeland from Veracruz in Mexico to central America.

It is also widely distributed in California, Colorado, Florida, Hawaii, Louisiana, Nevada and Texas, but it is artificially imported into these states.

In nature:

Farm swimming pool:


Pecilia is a small fish, body length reaches 3.5 - 5, and life expectancy is about 3-4 years. As for the appearance and coloring, they can be very different, it is simply impossible to describe everything.

One can only mention discilia pelicia, a specially derived form with a curved spine and due to this a special body shape, it is also called pelcilia balloon.

Actually, there are no differences in contents between ordinary pecilia and the cylinder. The latter, due to deformation of the organs and skeleton, are more capricious.

Variety of Pecilia


In nature, pecillia feed on insects and algae. And in the aquarium, they are happy to eat any kind of feed.

It is important to include fiber-containing foods in the diet of Pecilia, it can be either cereal with vegetable components or scalded vegetables - cucumbers, zucchini, spinach.

In nature, algae make up a large part of the diet, and plant food contributes to the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract of percussion.

As for animal feed, they can be of any kind - bloodworms, tubule, artemia and corpetra are perfect.

Difficulty in content

Fish are great for both beginners and pros. Among the pecilli, everyone will find an interesting fish for themselves.

Maintenance and care

Like almost all viviparous, Pecilia is extremely unpretentious and accommodating. They can also be kept in small aquariums, from 40-50 liters, but more is better.

Between themselves, they do not show aggressiveness (unlike swordsmen), and they can be maintained with a predominance of females. One male is enough for two or three females.

Water parameters are not very important, water of medium hardness will be ideal (15 - 30 dGH), acidity within ph: 7.0-8.3, and water temperature 22-25 C.

It is important that the water is clean and fresh, it is advisable to change part of the water weekly (up to 20%).

Filtration and aeration is desirable, but if the aquarium is not crowded, then it can be neglected.


Pecilia coexist perfectly in a common aquarium, do not touch any fish. However, for predators can become easy prey.

Pecilia coexists well with other viviparous: mollies, guppies, swordsmen.

Gender differences

In male and female in Pecilia, the gender difference is quite pronounced. Females are usually larger (palpably), with a fuller and rounded abdomen, and less brightly colored.

In males, the anal fin turned from gonopodia, it is small and pointed.

The female anal fin is wider.

Male (bottom) and female


No special preparations for breeding are required; this will happen on its own if there is a female and a male.

As a matter of fact, there is an assertion that it is more difficult to stop the propagation of Persians than to start.

In order for females to become pregnant normally, one male for three females is enough. This amount is optimal because it reduces competition between males and gives females the opportunity to rest from them.

Pecilia are viviparous, that is, they immediately have a formed fry that can swim. Female pregnancy can be identified by a rounded abdomen and a dark spot near the anal fin.

Typically, a female Pecilia gives birth every 28 days, the number of fry is about 20-40 pieces. The birth of Pecilia is simple, it is enough to plant it and add plants to the aquarium. At this time, it does not need to be disturbed; it is better to cover the front glass with paper.

But keep in mind that they eat their fry, and for them to survive you need to plant a lot of plants or immediately plant them in a separate container.

Caring for the fry is very simple, since it is born quite large and shaped. You can feed it with egg yolk, dry food, branded feed for fry.

If the feeding is plentiful and the water is clean, then after three months, the pecillia become sexually mature.

Watch the video: Rare Livebearer: Zoogoneticus purhepechus "La Luz Springs", a Beautiful Fish!!! #goodeid (February 2020).

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