Veiltail is the most popular aquarium fish of all goldfish. He has a short, rounded body, a forked tail fin and a very diverse color.
But, not only that makes it popular. First of all, this is a very unpretentious fish, which is great for beginner aquarists, but it has its own limitations.
She digs pretty hard in the ground, loves to eat and often overeats to death and loves cool water.
Living in nature
Veiltail, like other types of goldfish, does not occur in nature. But the fish from which he was bred is extremely widespread - crucian carp.
It is the origin of this wild and strong fish that makes the veil tail so unpretentious and hardy.
The first veil-tailings were bred in China, and then, approximately, in the 15th century, they came to Japan, whence came the Europeans and to Europe.
It is Japan that can be considered the birthplace of a veiltail. At the moment, there are a lot of different color variations of the veiltail, but his body shape remains classical.
The veiltail has a short, ovoid body that distinguishes it from other fish of the family, for example, shubunkin. Due to this body shape, he is not a very good swimmer, often not keeping pace with other fish when feeding. The tail is characteristic - bifurcated, very long.
Veiltail lives for a long time, under good conditions, about 10 years or more. It can grow up to 20 cm in length.
The color is varied, at the moment there are a lot of different colors. The most common is a golden or red form, or a mixture of these two species.
Difficulty in content
Along with Shubunkin, one of the most unpretentious goldfish. They are very undemanding to water parameters and temperature, they feel good in a pond, in an ordinary aquarium, or even in a round aquarium, are unpretentious at home.
Many contain veil-tails or other goldfish in round aquariums, alone and without plants.
Yes, they live there and do not even complain, but round aquariums are very poorly suited for keeping fish, disturb their eyesight and slow down growth.
It is also important to remember that this fish likes quite cool water, and it is incompatible with most tropical inhabitants.
Feeding veil tails has its own characteristics. The fact is that goldfish do not have a stomach, and food immediately enters the intestines.
Accordingly, they eat as long as they have food in the aquarium. But, at the same time, they very often eat more than they can digest and die.
In general, the only problem when feeding veil tails is to calculate the correct amount of feed. It is best to feed twice a day, in portions that they can eat in one minute.
It is best to feed veil tails with special feeds for goldfish. Conventional feed is too nutritious for these insatiable fish. And special ones, in the form of granules, do not disintegrate quickly in water, it’s easier for veil tails to look for them at the bottom, such feeds are easier to dose.
If there is no opportunity to feed with special feeds, then you can give any others. Frozen, alive, artificial - all tail tails eat everything.
Although, when mentioning goldfish, the first thing that comes to mind is a small round aquarium and a lone veiltail in it, this is not the best choice.
Veiltail grows to 20 cm, while it is not only large, it also produces a lot of waste. To maintain one veiltail, you need at least a 100-liter aquarium, for each next add 50 liters of volume.
In addition, you need a good external filter, and regular water changes. All goldfish simply love to dig in the ground, raising considerable dregs and even digging up plants.
Unlike tropical fish, veil tails love cool water. If only the air temperature in your home does not drop below zero, then you do not need a heater in the aquarium.
It is best not to place the aquarium in direct sunlight, and do not raise the water temperature to more than 22 C. Goldfish can live at a water temperature below 10, so their coolness does not scare them.
Soil is better to use sand or coarse gravel. Goldfish are constantly digging in the ground, and quite often large particles are swallowed and die because of this.
As for the water parameters, they can be very different, but it will be optimal: 5 - 19 ° dGH, ph: 6.0 - 8.0, water temperature 20-23 C.
The low temperature of the water is due to the fact that the fish comes from crucian carp and tolerates low temperatures, but high temperatures, on the contrary.
Peaceful fish, which in principle gets along well with other fish. But veil tails need cooler water than all other tropical fish, plus they can eat small fish.
It is best to keep them with related species - telescopes, shubunkin. But even with them, you need to keep an eye on what the veil-tails have time to eat, which is not always possible for more nimble neighbors.
For example, a veiltail and guppy in the same aquarium is not a good idea.
If you want to keep veil-tails in a common aquarium, then avoid very small fish, and fish that can break off the fins - Sumatran barb, mutant barb, golden barb, thorns, tetragonopterus.
It is very difficult to distinguish a female from a male in a veiltail. This is especially true for juveniles, in sexually mature fish you can understand by size, as a rule the male is smaller and more elegant.
You can confidently determine the sex only during spawning, then white tubercles appear on the male’s head and gill cover.