Garlic - mole frog

Garlic is a representative of tailless amphibians. These frogs live in Central Europe, in the south of Western Siberia, in the Crimea, in the North Caucasus, in Kazan and Leningrad.

In reservoirs, they only multiply, and spend the rest of their lives on land.

Garlic cans perfectly dig the ground, so during the day they dig into the ground, and in the evening crawl out of their shelters. Due to the fact that these frogs need to dig land, they live far from everywhere, stony soils are not suitable for them, their habitat requires a flat area with fairly loose sand or clay soil.

The sandbox can be completely buried in soft soil in 2-3 minutes. The frog digs the ground with its hind legs, plunges into the hole backwards, vertically.

Since these frogs spend a lot of time underground, their lungs are not too well formed. They hunt at night, and the more humid the air, the more active the garlic. If the humidity is about 89%, and the temperature is in the range of 10-15 degrees, then 11% of the female garlic farmers are active, if the humidity reaches 90-95%, and the temperature remains the same, this figure increases to 52%.

Frog of the genus Garlic (Pelobates).

These frogs eat a huge number of invertebrates. But mostly garlic ladies give preference to ants, spiders and ground beetles, these insects make up about 87% of the total diet. From other frogs, garlic ladies differ in that they practically do not eat in ponds, since 99% of the diet consists of ground-based food. When examining the stomachs of these frogs, no flying insects were found.

Tadpole of the garlic.

Among the remaining amphibians, this species is the first to go into hibernation. Moreover, the duration of hibernation is about 200 days. Winter scallops spend on land, digging into the ground, can also winter in burrowing rodents and nests of coastal swallows. Garlic ladies emerge from hibernation near Kiev in March, and in the more northern regions a little later - in April or May.

Listen to the voice of the common garlic


The eggs of female garlic mites are laid in the early spring, after they leave their hibernation. In ponds, they do not spend much time. The entire population lays eggs for approximately 25 days. Male garlic moths do not have, like toads, "nuptial calluses." They call females, making a gurgling sound under water.

Garlic plants spend most of their lives on land.

The laying of these frogs has the appearance of thick cords consisting of their outer shells, inside which eggs are randomly arranged. Garlic eggs spawn under water. These cords are attached to various underwater objects. The laying of one female consists of 1200-2300 eggs, the diameter of which reaches 1.5-2.5 mm.

Tadpoles in these frogs develop longer than in other amphibian species; this process takes 90-110 days, and sometimes it drags on even longer. The external gills of the tadpoles disappear on the 7th day, and the limbs begin to form on the 34th day. On the 67th day, joints appear in the hind legs. On the 92nd day, the front legs are formed, and on the 94th, the tail disappears.

Water is needed only in order to breed offspring.

But the tadpoles of garlic ladies grow faster than other amphibians. For a day, their growth is about 1.2 millimeters. Before metamorphosis occurs, the tadpoles become so huge that their body length is 40% greater than the size of a sexually mature female and is 73-175 millimeters.

At first the tadpoles live at the bottom, during this period they are hardly noticeable. In the second half of life, tadpoles rise into the water column. Their diet consists of plant foods, so they have very long intestines. The intestine is almost 6 times the length of the body. They feed on plant foods, so they have a deep oral cavity, along the edges of which there is a large fringe, there is also a powerful horny beak and many cloves. These signs markedly distinguish the tadpoles of the garlic from other amphibians. In the oral funnel, the tadpoles of garlic ladies have 1100 cloves, which is 2 times more than the tadpole of tree frog.

Garlic can eat both plant and animal food.

How quickly the tadpoles develop depends on external factors. For example, in reservoirs near Moscow, water can be so low for tadpoles that are accustomed to warm temperatures that they do not have time to transform, so they have to winter in the larval stage. In addition, the rate of development depends on the type of food consumed. If the tadpoles of the female garlic eat mainly plant food, then the conversion process is delayed.

Tadpoles are metamorphosed into yearlings, which burrow into the soil on the shore of a pond and wait for spring, and next year they begin to settle.


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