One of the representatives of fish that have successfully taken root in home aquariums is diamond cichlazoma, a very attractive, large, aggressive fish. It is found in Texas and Mexico. Its length is 30 cm. In a home aquarium, it is 20 cm long. Among fans of the underwater world, she has many fans, although she has a wild character. Fish lovers like the bright colors, and they are happy to demonstrate this type of fish in their aquarium.
These fish have the usual behavior for this species. They eat plants, digging in the ground. These fish are very smart. They can feel the owner approaching, looking through the walls of the aquarium, they are easily divorced, aggressive, they do not like to encroach on inhabited territory. They can attack the scenery, algae, the owner’s hand. They are best kept separate from green plants and equipment.
Living in nature
This species of fish lives in North America. At this time, habitats have expanded. It is found in Florida, Mexico. Fish loves sun-warmed places. She digs soil, warps among plants, looking for food. She eats plants, larvae, and small fish for food.
Fish have the following features:
- strong body, oval;
- females are smaller than males;
- lives 10-15 years;
- color of steel with bluish dots, adults have 2 black spots;
- males have a fat cone on their forehead.
Difficulties in keeping
Keeping the fish is not difficult, it is not picky in food. The only negative is that it has an aggressive character. She can quickly turn a cozy neat aquarium into ruins. Therefore, it is better not to breed it to novice lovers. It also litter, taking food, so you must have a powerful filter.
This fish is omnivorous and eats various live, frozen, artificial feeds. Individuals grow large and can feed on small fish, large feeds, earthworms. They also feed on bloodworms, mussels, and shrimps. Fish should be fed in small portions 2 times a day. Do not give meat. Meat foods contain proteins and fats, which can lead to obesity. For food, you can grow fast-growing aquatic plants, such as duckweed. Boiled with boiled water leaves of lettuce or spinach are given.
Maintenance and care in the aquarium
A 200 liter tank is needed for this fish. If steam is contained, then 400-450 liter is needed. It can be kept in a smaller aquarium, but then growth slows down and the fish are not too big.
Part of the water should often be replaced with fresh water using a powerful filter. Cichlids are heavily weed when eaten. They love to dig in the ground. At the bottom of the aquarium you can put small pebbles, clean sand - make a larger layer. Many plants cannot exist next to these fish. They eat them, or dig them up. Zheskolistny, large species of plants are used.
Most species of these fish love to hide. Some are indifferent to this. They need room for swimming, but small shelters are still needed. Fish spend most of their time at the bottom, but can jump out. Therefore, it is necessary to cover the aquarium.
The light in the container should not be too bright. Leave some shaded areas.
This type of fish does not relate to water parameters. Acidity can be from 6 to 8.5 pH, hardness from 8 to 25 dH. Avoid lowering the temperature of the water, the fish do not tolerate low temperatures. The temperature of the content is 25-27 degrees. The fluid is constantly refreshing. Weekly replace 30% of the water, previously settled. There should be good aeration and a powerful filter.
Compatible with other fish
It is better not to keep tsikhlazoma in the general aquarium. Fishes need a spacious tank. They contain a pair, or one at a time. Often they just slaughter other fish. Young people may suffer from other cichlids. She is passive. Younger fish may not have enough food, more lively eat all the food. Growing individuals have an evil disposition and can be dangerous for other fish. Some fish of this species calmly get along with other fish. If it is impossible to keep them separately, they are kept with fish of another species that can fend for themselves.
Females and males are different. The male can be distinguished by:
- larger sizes;
- fat cone on the forehead;
- a more pointed dorsal fin, which is rounded in the female;
- brighter color.
Fish are about 30 centimeters in length. They can multiply when the male reaches a length of 10 cm, and the female 7 cm. Reproduction is stimulated by a change of water and a rise in temperature. In order to prepare for the deposition of eggs, the female cleans the surface of an object. She lays it in large numbers. Both parents guard the laid eggs. Then it transfers the larvae to a hole previously dug by fish. Juveniles begin to swim independently after 4-6 days. The male, zealously caring for the offspring that has appeared, can beat the female. Therefore, it can be isolated. Feeding babies is not difficult.
Diamond cichlazoma is not difficult to maintain a fish, which has a number of its features. Its content requires a large capacity. Many bred her because of the beautiful color, compensating for all the difficulties arising from her aggressive behavior. In the home reservoir there will be a beautiful fish with interesting habits. If the open spaces of the aquarium allow you to contain 15 cm of fish, then cichlazoma will be an excellent choice.