Scotch terrier - a hunting breed bred in Scotland. The unique appearance and small size turned the pursuer of foxes and badgers into a salon dog. But under the well-groomed wool and fashionable hairstyle lurks the soul of a wayward Scot and a fearless warrior.
Correctly call this dog the Scottish Terrier. The long and pathos name is often replaced by a short version - Scotch terrier. The option truncated to one word “adhesive tape” is used. Sometimes it is transformed into an affectionate “scotti”.
Description and Features
Terriers were originally normal dogs. This is indicated by their name, derived from the French word terrier - “den”. The human passion for hunting and the need to kill rodents led to the creation of 36 different breeds.
In the breeding of many breeds of terriers, the Scots participated. Sky terriers were cultivated on the Isle of Skye, Highland Terriers lived in the Highland Mountains. There were many such local Scottish breeds. Due to the weak connection between the regions, it was possible to maintain the purity of the blood of dogs.
In the northeast of Scotland, in the Aberdeenshire region, residents held and used Aberdeen Terriers. This was the first name of the tape. It is often used now. The natives of Aberdeen, having got on the first dog shows of terriers, quickly gained general British recognition. Breed Scotch Terrier took place.
Everything that appears in England sooner or later appears on the European continent and in the States. Around 1885, Scottish Terriers crossed the English Channel and the ocean. By the beginning of the 20th century, they became super popular.
A dog named Fal was the darling of US President Roosevelt. This is nothing special: leaders of many states love dogs. But when communicating with officials and politicians, Roosevelt was guided by Fela's attitude towards these people. The dog was so important to the president that it was present at the legendary meeting in Yalta. That is, the Scottish Terrier took part in political affairs of global importance.
Over time, many breeds have lost their original purpose. They became purely official or companion dogs, or purely decorative creatures. Scotch remained true to himself: he retained the character of a serious, hunting, burrowing dog. This is the main feature of the breed.
Compact body, short legs, frivolous tail do not leave a feeling of insignificance, weakness of the animal. On the contrary scotch terrier in the photo - this is solidity, energy and determination multiplied by charm.
The first version of the breed standard was published in 1883. The latest official version was approved in October 2010. This document is issued by the FCI Cynological Union. It gives a detailed description of the perfect scotch terrier.
General view meets the requirements for normal dogs. That is, despite the large head and dense body, the Scottish Terrier easily moves in the hole. Short legs do not limit the mobility of the animal.
Weighted behavior and temperament. Fidelity is combined with independence. Courage does not turn into aggressiveness. In difficult situations, the dog shows intelligence and quick wits.
Head dimensions are one of the remarkable characteristics of a dog. Despite its size, it does not seem ugly or inappropriate. Fits into a rectangle with an approximate two to one aspect ratio. The neck is small, muscular. Allows you to proudly hold a heavy head.
The muzzle is long, half the head. Teeth full set. Their size corresponds to the size of the jaws. The bite is normal, such as scissors. The maxillary-dental apparatus is powerful, like any tall hunting dog.
Eyes of brown color, expressive form. Widely spaced. The look, thanks to the overhanging eyebrows, seems smart, even wise and attentive. High sensation, sharp ears reinforce this sensation. The distance from the ears to the beginning of the back of the nose, the so-called stop, is equal to the distance from the stop to the nose.
The body is long. With a straight line of the spine. The chest is wide, deep. It comfortably houses the heart and lungs. The sternum is lower than the elbows of the forepaws. This is an important parameter that allows you to maintain working capacity in the conditions of the hole. The belly is tight.
The limbs are short, strong. They make a decisive contribution to the formation of the general image of the dog. The hind limbs are powerful. They are the main “tractor” when pulling the beast out of the hole. The tail is medium sized. Thick at the root, tapering to the tip. Straight or slightly curved. By the tail of the terrier can be pulled out of the hole. Even raise it. Serves not only for rough treatment of a dog. With its help, the terrier conveys many emotions.
Wool scotch terrier heavy, dense. The undercoat is short, the covering hair is hard. A two-layer coating protects the dog's body when working in burrows and from bad weather. The longest coat on the ventral part of the body.
Covering hair can fall to the ground, completely cover the legs. For this, terriers are called gentlemen in skirts. The standard normalizes the size and weight of the animal. The Scottish Terrier weighs from 8.5 to 10.5 kg. The distance from the withers to the floor lies in the range from 25 to 28 cm.
The character of the Scottish Terriers is not simple. The dog is faithful, while independent. It can defend its opinion, scandal. But does not turn into a bully, thanks to an innate nobility.
The Scottish Terrier does not like to be picked up. May be outraged if stroked or caressed against desire. Centuries of life are affected among the harsh Scots, in whom scottis were no more than a dog, a rat-catcher.
Adhesive tape is calm to the brothers. Does not provoke other dogs. Closely monitors their attitude to themselves. Having drawn conclusions, he can rush into a fight with animals that are superior in strength and size. In such cases, the tail of the terrier comes to the rescue. Grabbing at him, the owner pulls the fighter out of the fray.
Self-esteem is one of the main qualities of this dog. Scotty is scrupulous. It can poorly transfer comments to your address. Especially if you find them unfair. The reaction can be different: from moderate aggression to falling into a depressed state.
According to the international classification, Scottish terriers are included in the small terriers section, which is included in the terrier group. The scotch itself can be conditionally divided by the color of the coat. Normal for Scottish terriers are three colors:
- Tiger is the original color. These were the dogs when they were also called Aberdeen Terriers.
- Black is the most common.
- Wheat - has several shades - from white to orange.
In tiger and black terriers, individual gray or silver covering hairs may be present in the coat. The color of the coat affects its properties. In tiger dogs, the hair is the most stiff.
Color has more than aesthetic value. This is an important performance feature. When hunting burrows, black and spotted (tiger) terriers become poorly distinguishable against the background of the ground. Because of this, sometimes dogs fall under a shot. Scotch terrier white Wheat is devoid of this drawback, clearly visible in any environment.
The lifestyle of the dog and, to some extent, its owner is determined when choosing a puppy. First you need to solve the problem with the floor of the terrier. Dogs and bitches differ little in size. Bitches, as expected, are more affectionate, patient. Males are slightly larger than bitches. A little more cocky.
The main differences are manifested in the mating season. During leaks meekness and obedience fade into the background. Terriers demonstrate windy behavior - run away with males. Indifferent to large dogs, mongrels.
Gentlemen of their breed can be ignored. A leash, regardless of the presence of other dogs, is required. This is a difficult period in the lives of owners. Even knitting can be a problem. Instructions and help from a dog handler may be needed.
Males do not miss the opportunity to mark the territory. This may fail the owner when visiting places where dog paintings on corners are inappropriate. When finding the mark left by the current bitch, she begins to study it for a long time and carefully. Virtual communication with a lady takes precedence over reality. Dissatisfaction can lead to mild depression, refusal of food.
The fate of the dog is largely determined by the age at which it is taken from the mother. Scotch scotch terrier may end up in a new home at the age of one month. In this case, the new masters displace the image of the mother, become lifelong guardians. Locking on the owner, the dog will turn into a good companion for a bachelor or an elderly couple.
Puppies that enter the house at 3-4 months of age become more independent. They easily play, make friends, fight with other dogs. Communicate with the outside world with great interest. Easier to transfer training and work in the exhibition rings. Such dogs get along better in a family of different ages.
There are no particularities in the issue of nutrition. Like any other dog, scotch terrier loves to eat. He can not be called a gourmet, but the appetite is always present. If the animal refuses food - this is an alarm. So emotional states can be expressed: fear, longing, dissatisfaction with personal life. In the worst case, this indicates a disease.
A good appetite and masterless indefatigable love guarantee a supplement. Plus, scotch tape can use its charm and successfully begs pieces from the table. With little physical activity, excess weight is guaranteed. Especially susceptible to this age bitches.
Terrier nutrition can be based on dry and freshly prepared food. Which type is preferable depends on the capabilities and lifestyle of the owner. With dry food, everything is simple. It is enough to consult with a dog handler. Keep a bowl of plenty of water near a bowl of food.
Many owners cook their own dog food. Such food seems healthier to them. In the cooked dinner there is an element of love for the animal. Which is also not unimportant. A holiday for scotch are beef mosles. But they should rarely appear in a dog’s bowl.
Natural nutrition is based on the balance of raw meat, cereals, in the form of cereals, vegetables. Offal, poultry, fish, milk and kefir, fruits are added to this set. Excluded: fatty meat, pork, tubular and boiled bones, salted and pickled products, sweets, excess flour. The main thing - food should be fresh, balanced and moderate. Consultation with a dog handler will help adjust the dog’s menu in terms of quantity and content.
Reproduction and longevity
Reproduction of Scottish terriers least affects the terriers themselves. Random bindings are possible. But the owners expect that this will not happen with their dog. Dog handlers call to act not only in commercial interests, but with the goal of developing the breed.
Males are suitable for procreation from 2 to 8 years. The same age is best for breeding bitches. The selection of pairs can be carried out independently or through dog training associations. To get high-born puppies, only the second way is possible - through the club.
Before mating, the male and female, in addition to their high descent, must confirm absolute health. In males, the protein component in the menu is increased. Bitches themselves may show increased appetite. With the beginning of the blanket, preparations are underway for knitting. This period lasts 3-4 weeks. Not every day estrus is suitable for the extension of the genus.
An experienced dog breeder can determine the day of mating. Inexperienced - turns to dog handlers. The owner of the dog is informed about the important date. The knitting process itself is not a very simple event. It does not always end successfully. Any of the partners may be to blame for this. No matter how the mating takes place, estrus continues and retention on the leash should become even more stringent.
Pregnancy lasts approximately two months. In the first 4 weeks it is difficult to determine whether puppies are anticipated or not. By week 5, the issue clears up. At the end of the second month they are born scotch terrier puppies.
The dog breeder himself can help the woman in childbirth. In the absence of experience, a dog handler is called for help. The assistance of a veterinarian may be needed both during childbirth and in the postpartum period. With proper care, puppies have every chance to live 12-14 happy years.
Maintenance and care at home
A significant and difficult moment is the relationship with children. Adhesive tape and children are believed to be incompatible. Scottish terriers do not like arrogance. In response to free treatment, they can introduce their teeth. With adolescents who have mastered the nature of the dog, there are no problems.
Relationships with other animals can be different. With the delicacy, non-importunacy of the neighboring beast, you don’t have to worry about their relationship. The relationship between two males may not be tolerant. All other options are possible.
In addition to children and other animals, there is another problem in the dog’s life - this is wool. She needs regular care. The dog is combed daily. If the coat is very dirty, it is washed. Two or more times a year the dog is sheared. Shearing Scotch Terrier - a crucial moment. A sheared and overgrown dog can behave differently. Depending on the version in which she feels more comfortable.
There is a kind of pastime with which there are no problems - these are trips by car. The dog is as if created to look at the world from the window of a car. The only thing you need to make sure that the dog does not overheat or is not blown out. The terrier, bred by severe Scots, has become a symbol of comfort and is happy to perceive it.
Scotch puppies are not cheap. Price of scotch tape Depends on the origin. High-born parents provide commercial recognition for their offspring. An amount of 30-40 thousand rubles is considered normal for purebred puppies. Future breed champions are even more expensive.
Dog training is a multi-step process. At the first stage, in puppyhood, they teach fundamental teams. It is better to refuse compulsion and punishment. Encouragement is the foundation of success. Not only a tasty piece is important, but, to a greater extent, the verbal, sincere praise of the owner.
The curiosity of adhesive tape is a feature that allows you to teach the animal the skills that the owner needs. So you can teach the dog to get into the car, move around the house, accompany the owner.
Dogs can become stubborn and pretend that the simplest commands have ceased to understand, but immediately fulfill a complex and verbose request. Scottish Terriers are animals you won't get bored with.