The homeland of barbs are African ponds and South Asian rivers. Being a semi-predatory representative of cyprinids, he has a very cocky disposition, which negatively affects his relationship with his immediate neighbors in the aquarium.
Barbus often attacks other inhabitants of an artificial reservoir, biting them with tails and fin limbs. Due to their warlike nature, these fish are rarely serene and calm, always trying to arrange a brawl with smaller inhabitants of the aquarium.
Features and habitat of the barbus
In the wild fish barbus You can easily meet in the reservoirs of South and East Asia, Africa and China. They gather in very large schools, which allows them to hunt other fish in the best way.
Barbs are absolutely unpretentious to hardness, acidity and other parameters of water, so they feel quite comfortable both in rivers and other bodies of water, and in home aquariums.
It is precisely because of their outstanding adaptive abilities that today barbs occupy a leading position in popularity among aquarium fish breeders around the world.
By barbus photo it can be determined that this fish does not differ in impressive dimensions, and its sizes vary from six to seven centimeters. The body is quite flat, the color may vary depending on the variety, from silver yellow to green or pearlescent.
A distinctive feature of the color of the barbus are two dark vertical stripes. Males have a bright red border along the edges of the anal, caudal and dorsal fins. The female barbus is usually thicker than the male, and its fins often have an expressive red color.
Care and maintenance of the barbus
Despite the fact that aquarium barbs They are very unpretentious to environmental conditions, for their maintenance it is nevertheless necessary to comply with certain requirements. Firstly, aeration of water should be organized at the proper level, and secondly, it is necessary to provide a powerful filtering aquarium.
To breed such fish, you need to buy a special pump that simulates the flow. Fish love to spend time substituting their fins for flows created artificially using a pump.
Barbuses are usually planted in several individuals (from five to seven), since in natural conditions they prefer to live in large communities. With proper fish care, I can live from three to four years.
Being sometimes friendly and accommodating, barbs can show open aggression and even attack other inhabitants of the home aquarium. Based on numerous barbus reviews, most of all comes from these bullies of guppies, who are clumsy owners of fluttering tails.
There is no consensus among aquarists about what the soil should be like in the aquarium in which the barbs live. However, as a result of long-term observations, it turned out that the darker the soil, the more bright these fish possess.
Do not overdo it with the number of plants in the "glass house", because barbs are very active and like a large amount of free space. On the contrary, barbs are completely delighted with floating plants, so it is worth providing a shelter of algae inside the aquarium, where fish can hide when they like.
Types of barbs
Cherry barbus It is distinguished by its equanimous disposition and balanced character. He rarely sticks to neighbors, taking food from them. Representatives of this species are very peaceful.
Such an unusual name for the fish was given for the bright color of the males, which remains during spawning. Cherry-colored barbs are slightly smaller than green counterparts, and their body has an oval shape.
Among others types of barbs stand out green. Females of this species can reach impressive sizes (up to nine centimeters). As well as its cherry congeners, the green barbus has a lively and non-aggressive behavior. They must be kept in a group of about five to eight individuals.
Black barbus Today it is very popular among Russian aquarium fish lovers for the reason that it appeared in the country for the first time in the mid-twentieth century. Caviar throwing in representatives of this species occurs mainly in the morning.
Shark barbus It has an elongated body of silver-steel color. Despite its formidable name, the fish tolerates various stressful situations rather poorly. Therefore, it is recommended that during the first weeks of life of such fish in the aquarium, create the most comfortable conditions for them without sources of concern.
Scarlet Barbus first appeared in India, and he owes his name to the peculiarities of his own color, which appear directly during the spawning period. They are distinguished by extremely cocky behavior, and their favorite pastime is nibbling their fins to their slow neighbors.
Fire barbus also known as puntius. Under natural conditions, representatives of this species can be found among shallow reservoirs with standing water or a measured unhurried flow.
Males have an olive color with red and golden sides. Unlike scarlet barbs, their fiery relatives are much more peaceful and rarely attack their neighbors. However, their appetite is excellent, and they require food in fairly large quantities.
Mossy barbus in fact is a mutant with a bream-like body. Males differ from females in the presence of small whiskers, and females, in turn, have more impressive dimensions and a bright color.
Breeding of such fish is recommended for beginner aquarists, since they are the most unpretentious in care. Their character is quite friendly, but they need a large amount of free space in the lower layers of the aquarium, where they prefer to spend time.
Reproduction and life expectancy of a barbus
For barb spawning a special spawning will be required, in which the process will take place. The volume of such a tank should be at least ten liters, and it is necessary to fill it with old water two-thirds and one-third fresh, taken directly from the aquarium.
During breeding barbs one can observe a peculiar "cannibalism" when caviar producers begin to eat it. In order to prevent such cases, many experienced breeders separate the lower part of the aquarium, where the eggs fall, from the upper, where the adults are. First little fish barbs begin to swim, having reached the age of four days, and the simplest food like ciliates serves as food for them.
Buy barbus today it is possible in virtually any pet store, market or on specialized resources on the Internet. Life expectancy varies depending on the variety and conditions of detention.
Thus, barbs live with competent care and creating comfortable conditions from three to ten years. Of great importance for barbs filteras they tolerate very little oxygen deficiency.