Fishing cat has a very unusual feature for cats - he cannot imagine life without the water element, of which he is a conqueror. This is a very beautiful, independent and graceful animal, preferring life in secluded places. Recently, some lovers of exoticism began to contain a cat fisherman as a pet, although his character is very complicated, and not everyone can cope with his independence to the end.
Origin of view and description
Photo: Cat Fisher
The cat fisher has many names:
- fish cat;
- speckled cat;
- civere cat;
- Asian fish cat.
The speckled cat is called because of its fur, which is covered with dark spots (specks). The adjective "wyverrow" he acquired to his name, because outwardly very similar to the predator civet (wyverra) that lives in the subtropics. This predator of the feline family leads a rather secretive and secluded life, living where people often do not get into.
Little is known about the history of the origin of this feline species. It is clear only one thing that a predator avoids communicating with people, has a wild and unbridled disposition. The very name of this animal speaks not only of its taste preferences, but also of its favorite habitats, where water should always be present nearby.
Scientists-zoologists distinguish two varieties of these interesting baleen predators. Both of them almost have no differences in appearance, they are distinguished only by dimensions. The cats settled in the south, southeast of Asia and on the island of Sumatra inclusive, are much larger than their fellow tribesmen living in Bali and Java. The population of these unusual cats is very small, animals keep themselves apart, therefore, very little is known about their wild lifestyle.
Many characteristic features and habits were studied only on specimens living in captivity. This genus of oriental cats is special, differing in many respects from ordinary feline representatives. Let's try to understand in more detail the individual nuances and find out as much as possible about the life of this mysterious cat.
Appearance and features
Photo: Animal cat fisher
A fish cat looks very attractive, which is characteristic of almost the entire cat family. This strong and purposeful predator has rather large dimensions. The weight of males reaches 15 kg, and females - up to 10. The whole body of the cat is very muscular and trained, it is immediately clear that this is a tireless and dexterous hunter. The body along with the tail reaches a length of 1.2 m. The girth of the tail is the same from the very base to the end.
The head of the cat fisherman is rather big with a wide muzzle. If you look in profile, you can see that the bridge of the nose hardly stands out, which makes the face flattened. The nose of the animal is very wide, this helps him when diving and being in the water. But the diver is simply excellent, it is amazing that the cat can take a deep breath and, when diving, hold his breath. The ears of the predator are neat, rounded, slightly pressed to the head. The eyes are deep, expressive, showing independence and self-confidence, the pupils are arranged vertically. The jaw apparatus of such cats is very powerful, it is immediately evident that they have a grip on the bulldog.
Tireless warriors by nature, cats have large muscular and squat legs. The main feature of these powerful paws is the presence of membranes, thanks to which the cat swims like an experienced diver. All because of the same membranes, the fisherman's claws do not retract, like the rest of the feline. Having such powerful clawed paws and a brave disposition, cats are not afraid to confront even more weighty predators and often win victories in such unequal fights.
Nature gave the cat-fisherman a camouflage color so that in the thicket it blends with the environment. The main background of the coat is gray with a slightly yellowish tint. It depicts a bright and contrasting pattern in the form of black specks and stripes. Beautiful bright stripes are located on the forehead, on the nape and tail, and dark spots are on the rest of the body. The fur coat of cats is not only warm and dense, but also water-repellent. The wool itself is densely packed, short and slightly rough.
Where does the cat fisherman live?
Photo: Viverra cat fisherman
If you aim to meet a cat-fisherman in the places of his constant deployment, then this task is practically impossible. This predator is so careful that it is unlikely to make itself felt, even a few meters away from you, sociability is not its strong point. Nevertheless, it is not difficult to assume that, based on the name, this animal prefers its water, therefore it has a permanent residence permit near water bodies.
Not for nothing that this cat is called fish and Asian, because it inhabits Asia, or rather, its southeast.
The civet cat fisherman lives in:
- on the Hindustan Peninsula;
- in Sri Lanka;
Fish cat takes a fancy to the marshland, covered with impassable bushes, dense forests. Predators like to live in the reed often, in tidal zones of streams, in mangroves, in small forest lakes and streams. They are also found at a decent height (about 2 km) in the forests of the Himalayas.
In general, the cat fisherman is settled along the subtropics of the Asian region. The main arguments in choosing a place for its deployment are the presence of water elements and a thicket where you can lead a secluded and independent life. No matter how sad it sounds, but the number of these amazing animals is very small, so you can not meet them, the wyverra cat-fishermen are under the threat of complete extinction, which cannot be allowed.
What does a cat cat eat?
Photo: Cat Fisher
Naturally, the main menu of such a cat is fish. In addition to fish, a cat can absorb frogs, crustaceans, cochlea, crabs, snakes, all kinds of insects and rodents. Likes to feast on the bird. A predator can also hunt for larger animals, such as: dog, calf, sheep. The cat will not refuse and the carrion left after the meal of large predators.
Scientists conducted research on animal excrement, and according to the analysis found that, nevertheless, about 75 percent of the cat's diet is fish. Only one fish, not counting other feed sources, an adult cat eats about one and a half kilograms per day. The grass was also noticed in the diet, apparently, it serves as a source of vital vitamins for the cat's body.
It has not been thoroughly studied, but there is an assumption that the way of life in animals is nocturnal, fishing occurs mainly at dusk. The cat has many different tricks for successful fishing. Sometimes he can just wait for the fish, hiding on the shore near the water, then immediately throws himself into the water and prey on a hook or claw. Another technique is walking in shallow water and catching small fish with powerful paws. For larger prey, the cat goes swimming and, diving deeply, gets himself a weighty catch.
The speckled cat has one more trick - he lures the fish, making light movements along the upper water surface, imitating insects on the surface of the water, the fish often leads to this and again falls into the tenacious paws of a skilled mustached fisherman.
In addition to various creatures living in the water, striped hunters pose a threat to waterfowl. To catch them, they dive deeply in advance, swim under water the distance to the bird itself and grab it right by the paws from the depths. Land hunting is also well managed by these confident and brave seekers of edible. The cat fisher is not only an excellent swimmer, but also a nimble dart frog, although the trees attract him much less than the body of water.
Sometimes, when things are quite tight with food, cats can attack poultry and small livestock, but this situation rarely happens, a cat escapes and only deals with robbery and robbery for great needs in order to survive. With confidence we can only say one thing: the hunt of this brave and tireless predator in the blood!
Features of character and lifestyle
Photo: Cat Fisher Red Book
The lifestyle of cat fishermen is not quite ordinary, compared to other feline species. The whole point here is the love of the water element, which serves as a source of constant food. The animal is very strong, hardy, possessing excellent hearing and sharp eyesight (even at night), endowed with the talent of an excellent swimmer - all these features describe the nature and character of this predator.
It can be said that his temper is unsociable, his life is secretive and wary, his habits are predatory, and his character is cocky, courageous and fearless. The freedom-loving nature of the cat can be caught only at the slightest glance at this amazing daredevil. Sometimes his recklessness and courage are simply amazing.
An interesting incident, confirming the strength, power and incredible courage of this animal, occurred in one of the zoos, where the civet cat lived. Once he escaped from his cage and got into the aviary with a leopard, the fight of two cats was simply inevitable. As a result of all the observers, her outcome was astonished - the angler won an unquestioning victory, and the leopard died on a larger scale.
Like all cats, viverra cats are slightly lazy and love to sleep sweetly, stretched out in places hidden from frequent vegetation. They can hunt during the day, but give preference to twilight time. Domineering males clearly distinguish between their territories. Sometimes, disputes and misunderstandings arise because of it, fights happen, but cats do not inflict severe injuries on each other. It often happens that conflict situations are settled peacefully through negotiations, and the mustachios like to communicate with each other, making various sounds:
Each of these sound instruments focuses on the specific mood in which the animal is at a given time. In general, the saying: there is power - no mind, does not correspond to cat-fishers. They can perfectly agree among themselves and without any fights and merciless fights, although cowards are not inherent in these animals.
Social structure and reproduction
Photo: Fisherman Cub
Information on the breeding and habits of wild cat fishers during this period is very scarce, this aspect has been little studied, so there are much more assumptions than well-founded facts. It is known that a certain mating season is not observed in cats. They can reproduce year-round. By nine months old they become sexually mature animals.
Pregnancy in a female proceeds for sixty-odd days. Toddlers can be born from 1 to 4 pieces. It usually happens that two or three kittens are born. Kittens are born blind and weigh between 70 and 170 grams. everyone, their development is not so fast. For each day they live, they have an increase in weight of only 10 - 11 grams, they are beginning to see their sixteen days of age.
For the first month and a half, a cat-mother treats her children with her milk, then they try meat, but they continue to consume milk. A cat's mother stops milking her cubs already closer to six months of age. By nine months, kittens become quite adults, their height and weight reach the parameters of their parents. Soon they leave their mother, leaving in search of their isolated territory for permanent residence.
Based on observations of domesticated cat fishermen, one can notice that the male makes an unbearable contribution to the upbringing of his offspring, caring for the kids along with the mother. How a cat behaves in the wild in relation to his offspring is still not known. Perhaps, in natural harsh conditions, their views on the cultivation of offspring are radically changing. It is worth noting that under natural conditions, cat fishermen live up to 12 years, and in captivity their life is much longer (even more than 20 years).
The natural enemies of cat fishers
Photo: Cat Fisher
Apparently, the cocky and assertive nature of cat fishers is known throughout the district, where they are known as fearless bullies, so they practically have no ill-wishers in the wild. Here you can call a leopard, which is much larger, but sometimes he flees himself. In general, cat fishers with agility escape from more weighty predatory animals, both in water and on trees, it is not easy to catch them. Smaller predators prefer not to mess with baleen fishermen, knowing about their recklessness, fearlessness and power.
Still, the main threat to these amazing creatures is people. They destroy as a result of their activities the marshlands that these cats love. This is done by a person, clearing territories for the construction of dwellings, the construction of agricultural land, polluting the atmosphere. Uncontrolled fishing and hunting also adversely affect the cat's life, leading to a lack of food. In such extreme cases, the animal is forced to robbery, where it can also die from human hands. As a result of all this, the number of cat fishers is very small, its growth is not observed, and the animal is threatened with complete extinction.
Population and species status
Photo: Animal cat fisher
A rare cat-fisher may even become a legend if a person does not think about his destructive activities that affect many animals. The population of this feline has declined so much that the threat of its extinction is more urgent than ever. Cat fishermen die out due to adverse environmental conditions, thanks to the destruction of swamps, deforestation. Often, animals do not have enough food due to mass hunting and fishing. Hunting activities to exterminate cat fishermen because of their fur and fangs also brought their negative and depressing result.
Protection of cat fishers
Photo: Cat fisherman from the Red Book
Cat fishery is considered a rare animal listed in the International Red Book, the destruction of which is strictly prohibited. The population status of these animals is rather deplorable. There is evidence that its total number does not exceed 10,000 mature individuals. The main reason for such a disappointing situation is the destruction of wetlands by people. Scientists are sounding the alarm, because this amazing and poorly studied feline species may completely disappear, so a person should use all the possibilities so that the situation does not become irreversible!
Maybe for someone the phrase fishing cat It sounds funny and fabulous, but they really exist, and to the surprise of other cats, they are not at all afraid of water! And professional fishermen can only envy their dexterity and dexterity! It's hard to believe, but this amazing look of cats remains a mystery to researchers to this day. There are two reasons for this - their incredible secrecy and very small numbers.No matter how sad it sounds, but it’s the person who is involved in the last reason, who often behaves selfishly, without thinking about the consequences.