Pekingese is a dog representing one of the oldest breeds. How to choose a worthy forage for an animal acting as a companion of Chinese nobles, princes, and even emperors for more than 2000 years? Based on numerous studies, a special scheme and menu has been developed, which we will talk about later.
Pekingese is a rather small dog, but this does not mean that it has a reduced appetite. They are super-assertive in this regard, and the animal breed requires that the diet be rich in nutrients, healthy fats, as well as the lion's share of the meat component in order to feel active, healthy and moderately well-fed.
It is interesting!Pekingese, living a measured inactive life, consume about 300 calories per day, while moderately active dogs should move closer to 400 calories. Very active representatives will need a little more, the calorie content of their diet can come close to 600 calories.
It is important to take into account the individuality factor of each pet, carefully looking at the personal needs of each individual dog. In determining the qualitative and quantitative composition of the menu, such factors as weight, level of energy, the presence of pregnancy or small puppies who are breast-fed and many others play a role. etc. The main thing in this case is not to overfeed the animal. This dog does not feel very well with the appearance of excess weight.
The rules of healthy eating
Perhaps the primary task when feeding Pekingese dogs is to prevent overeating, as they cope extremely poorly with self-control. Pekingese knows no bounds, and can eat much more than the prescribed portions, even though it has a small stomach.
Therefore, it is important to strictly follow the rules.
- The feeding regimen should not be violated. Food should be given at strictly defined hours.
- The temperature of the food is also important. Dishes should not be too cold or hot, this can harm the digestive system of the animal. The food should be at a comfortable warm temperature.
- Salt is not welcome. It must be abandoned altogether, especially during the preparation of meat. Or add in minimal quantities.
- The main food product of Pekingese is meat and meat offal, the remaining products occupy only half or a third of the total consumed volume.
- Liquid food is not suitable for this breed. It is too difficult for them to eat because of the physiological features of the structure of the muzzle.
- It is important from the first days to determine one place for a dog's meal, organizing there a bowl of clean water, which is always available to the animal.
- Certain dog treats can be found in the diet of a Pekingese dog. However, nutrition should consist of a variety of foods. If the animal refuses a variety of food, requiring certain favorite foods, you can set the bowl aside, and then offer the same food again after a while. Most likely, a hungry animal will not behave so stubbornly.
Pekingese is a dog with unique health problems. And obesity is the main enemy to combat these ailments. As a rule, they are predisposed to several diseases, the chances of developing which increase if the animal has a shortened muzzle.
Since this is a small dog, it may be prone to some general health problems.. Some of them are genetic in nature, but most are corrected with the help of a regular, proper diet and a sufficient level of activity. To keep the joints and ligaments of the Pekingese in working condition, it is necessary to provide him with a diet rich in chondroitin, glucosamine and omega-3 fatty acids.
A diet rich in ingredients such as blueberries, broccoli, carrots, fish, eggs and garlic will help the Pekingese maintain healthy eyesight. These products also provide a boost to the animal’s immune system. Doctors veterinarians do not agree on whether to feed the Pekingese with natural food or prepared industrial food. Most argue that the finished product cannot fully satisfy all the needs of each individual dog, while others tend to make the right choice in the direction of ready-made compositions of premium quality.
The basis of the natural diet of the Pekingese is meat products - whole meat and animal offal. Rabbit, chicken and turkey are most preferred, as they have good digestibility and low fat content. You need to give meat in the form of fillet or meat pieces. The animal is not able to eat cartilage and bones due to the structure of its mouth. The same applies to fish, it is necessary to remove the bones from it before serving, the use of pollock fish by the Pekingese is not welcome.
It is interesting!As a carbohydrate component, these dogs can be given 4 types of porridge: millet, rice, buckwheat and oatmeal. With buckwheat, one should be careful, veterinarians believe that its frequent use leads to the development of urolithiasis in dogs of this breed.
From vegetables, tomatoes and carrots are perfectly suitable, which are allowed to be given fresh. As well as heat-treated beets, zucchini or white cabbage. Of the fruit, the animal will like peaches and apples, as well as other fruits, with the exception of kiwi and citrus fruits, which can cause an allergic reaction. Parsley and lettuce will be an excellent substitute for compensating for the lack of vitamin C in the food menu.
For puppies, a sufficient supply of dairy products is important. Calcined cottage cheese and kefir are especially welcome. With age, the need for milk in dogs of this breed disappears, but cottage cheese and sour-milk foods remain on the menu until the last days.
Dry and / or wet food
As food for the Pekingese, you can safely choose both one and the other type of food. The use of only moist soft food does not allow enough massage of the gums of the animal, which is fraught with the appearance of diseases of the oral cavity.
Many veterinarians have a positive opinion on the menu, including dry food. But for this they must be selected in the most careful manner, taking into account the age and other individual indicators of the animal, while being of the highest quality. On a dry fodder diet, the animal should be given additional fermented milk products, but in a separate method, since for the digestion of food and other food in the dog’s stomach, a different amount of enzymes is needed for processing. The use of various kinds of food contributes to the appearance of indigestion, which is constantly dangerous for the health of the pet.
Leading breeders and veterinarians believe that it is impossible to get good food on the store counter. It can only be bought at a veterinary pharmacy or from a breeder. At the same time, when buying a puppy, it is better to buy food in the kennel, so that the baby does not have to readjust to new food.
Breed line feed
Pekingese is a small thoroughbred dog with a low level of activity. For its menu, the best brands of feed are recognized as the best:
- Royal Canin Gastro Intenstinal - appointed by leading veterinarians during digestive problems;
- Eukanuba - taking into account the level of activity and various breed characteristics of animals;
- Royal Canin Mini Exigent - especially delicious for dogs with a fastidious taste.
How to feed a Pekingese puppy
Depending on the degree of Pekingese puppy growing up, the number of meals per day gradually decreases, shifting to two meals a day for an adult dog. Until the animals reach the age of one and a half months, the baby takes food up to 6 times a day. After a month and a half to three - the number of receptions is reduced to five. At the age of 3 to 6 months, Pekingese eats 4 times a day, while at night the animal must sleep. At the age of six months to a year, the dog eats about 3 times a day.
Diet in the first month
In the first month of life, the Pekingese baby, like the baby of a person, feeds exclusively on breast milk. If there is none, its analogue, and nothing more. As a substitute, a mixture of goat milk and boiled water or ready-made milk mixtures based on goat's milk are suitable. Also in emergency cases, you can dilute the chicken yolk with warm water.
It is interesting!In cases of industrial feeding, you can use specially designed mixtures for dogs, and from 2 weeks of age and diluted conventional infant formula.
But natural breastfeeding is considered preferable, because with a mother’s milk a small dog receives not only the necessary building material for tissues and energy, but also the supply of essential nutrients and antibodies for life. A serving is from 15 to 40 grams, depending on the weight of the baby dog, feeding up to a month is made on demand.
Diet from a month to six months
After the first month of life, the puppy can be fed. From natural additives, various types of diluted milk or low-fat minced meat or broth are suitable. If the puppy is on artificial feeding, it is better to stick to it further. If you are stunted, in the menu for the appointment of a veterinarian, you can add a paste for exhausted puppies. Serving size is calculated depending on the growth rate of the animal.
From two months, the menu introduces boiled minced meat, cottage cheese and dairy products, as well as canned food for puppies of small breeds. At this stage, the daily food intake reaches 180 grams. At the age of 3 months, the animal takes anthelmintic measures, because of which it can pause a little or even lose weight. The menu is enriched with boiled and raw eggs, as well as semi-moist food.
From 4 months to six months, the taste preferences of a small dog are formed. The pet eats a lot and willingly, at this time he needs a large amount of cottage cheese and sour-milk products. The menu is added lean meat in raw and boiled form. You can also give the dog boiled and chopped offal. Groats and boiled vegetables are also allowed. At this age, the animal can, if desired, be accustomed to dry food, after soaking a portion with warm water in a bowl.
Diet from six months to a year
At this age, the pet is allowed almost the same products as an adult dog. Milk remains in the diet if lactose intolerance is not observed. Choosing fruits should avoid too sweet and juicy fruits.
It is interesting!During a stay in the stage of active growth, the dog's serving size increases due to the growing needs of the body. After that, the size gradually decreases, moving to a stable dosage.
Until a complete change of teeth, which occurs by the age of 7-8 months, dry food should be given only in soaked form. Then you can gradually switch to the proportion of dry feed with soaked - 25% to 75%.
What not to feed a puppy
It is important to approach the enrichment of the dog’s diet wisely. After all, not only a lack of nutrients and vitamins is fraught with the development of ailments, but also their overabundance. Therefore, the introduction of nutritional supplements should occur only when necessary and under the strict supervision of a veterinarian.
Potentially hazardous foods include mostly synthetic additives and potentially non-digestible foods. The list of prohibitions for a children's canine organism:
- bone material, pure fat, bird and pig skin;
- palm fat, soy and mushrooms;
- raisins, grapes;
- food containing spices, marinade, sugar or substitutes, xylitol, cocoa, caffeine and other stimulants, yeast or premium flour;
- raw freshwater fish, dried or salted;
- cornmeal and semolina;
- spoiled foods, smoked meats and sausages.
How to feed an adult Pekingese
The wrong approach to feeding a Pekingese dog can lead to the development of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Due to the inactivity of these dogs, one should be extremely careful with the choice of dosage and frequency of feeding, so as not to cause obesity of the pet. The extra weight and, consequently, the load on the organs can lead to serious problems with the back of the Pekingese.
It is interesting!Nutrition and a balanced diet play a decisive role in the length and quality of life of a Pekingese pet. In the long term, a healthy menu will give the dog a strong immune system, the smooth functioning of vital organs, and the excellent condition of their teeth and coat.
Most veterinarians consider the best formula for feeding these dogs - a competent ratio of natural, grain-free food. It is imperative to avoid foods containing sweeteners, sugar or artificial preservatives. It is also important to completely exclude from the menu products that can lead to an allergic reaction, including wheat and soy, which also do not carry any nutritional value for the selected animal.
The ideal feeding recommendation depends on the weight of the pet, but usually it is recommended to feed from three quarters to one cup per day, premium dry food distributed in two main doses.
Ration from year
Feeding an adult animal can be carried out as a natural food, and ready-made industrial feed. The frequency of feeding an adult dog is equal to two main methods without snacking. These animals can be given a lot of raw meat. But at the same time you need to be thoroughly confident in its quality and safety.
Several times a week, meat food can be replaced by fish. The nutrition of an adult dog is diverse, it can include various vegetables, fruits and dairy products. There are cereals in the diet. Caution should be given to foods that promote the manifestation of an allergic reaction or the development of fermentation in the intestines. Even with a mixed feeding model, when the animal is given both dry food and natural food, they are not mixed in one meal.
Diet for older dogs
The diet of an elderly dog, subject to its good health, is no different from an ordinary adult dog. Possible changes in nutrition can be advised by a veterinarian based on the necessary tests. Also, changes in the composition and quality of teeth in older dogs can adjust the diet in favor of softer or shredded food.
Many owners note that as they approach old age, their pets ’nutritional preferences change, with the result that most Pekingese become real picks. However, everything is purely individual. Perhaps the dog will need to introduce special vitamin supplements into the diet or adjust the diet depending on the presence of certain ailments, but only a veterinarian should do this. And each menu in each case will be different.
What you can not feed the Pekingese
Pekingese dogs have a delicate digestive system and the following products are absolutely unsuitable for it.
- Legumes and potatoes can cause excessive gas formation in the intestines, creating feelings of discomfort or pain in the dog.
- The stomach of the animal is not able to digest heavy and fatty varieties of meat, among which the first places are lamb and pork.
- For the same reason, completely fried foods and sausages of any kind should be excluded from the diet.
- Any dog does not mind eating yummy. Sweet pastry shops, and even more so shop delicacies, should be left for people. It is better to give the dog fresh fruit or homemade crackers made from black rye bread.